Fatima's Heart

Listen to the Rhythm of my Heart!

Methadone: Is It The Answer For A Pregnant Heroine Addict?

Source: Methadone: Is It The Answer For A Pregnant Heroine Addict?

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Want to lose some WEIGHT??

Hi friends,

I am looking at trying something NEW for losing weight! No, it’s not weight watchers or nutrisystem… Being a doctor myself, I’ve been doing a lot of research and I have come across something that I feel is worth trying BUT I need partners. Do YOU want to know more? Please contact me, thank you!

Fatima

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Knowledge is power when it comes to fighting FLU!

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Knowledge is power when it comes to fighting Flu!

As the season begins to change, there you go, the first sneeze, the overnight cough and sore throat. Oh Lord! I hope it’s not the flu!!

“Flu,” the miserable respiratory infection we fear every start of winter and spring, is basically a short form of Influenza caused by the Influenza virus. The virus is spread person to person through respiratory secretions either through inhaling droplets or directly touching contaminated objects. That is why frequent, thorough hand washing is advised during flu season.

Let’s try to understand the difference between a common cold, rhinitis and the flu.

1. The Common Cold is a self-limiting infection of nose and throat, mostly caused by Rhinovirus (over 90 strains). It is contagious and causes sore throat, stuffy or runny nose, post-nasal drip, coughing and sneezing and sometimes low grade fever. It usually resolves in 7-10 days. Complications in children include middle ear infections and febrile seizures.
2. Rhinitis or coryza is a condition of irritated or inflamed mucous membrane of the nose that results in secretions causing rhinorrhea or runny nose. This can be a result of an irritant, an inhaled allergen, a bacterial infection like strep or H. influenzae or a viral infection like rhinovirus and influenza virus.
3. Flu is a contagious respiratory infection caused by the Influenza virus that has 3 sero-types, A, B and C. All three types of virus can mutate yielding new strains of the virus every few years. It has symptoms similar to common cold but more severe and can get much worse leading to life threatening pneumonia. Flu symptoms, that start to develop one to four days after infection, include chest congestion, sore throat, sneezing, coughing, chest discomfort and then abrupt onset of head and body aches, weakness, fatigue, nausea, vomiting and high grade fever.

Diagnosing Your Symptoms:

Depending on the onset, severity and duration of symptoms, it can be easily detected if you are suffering from a common cold, flu or life threatening pneumonia. A common cold usually has mild symptoms with or without low grade fever (under 101F) and goes away within 7 days without any treatment. However if weakness, body aches, fatigue or high grade fever (101F and above) set in, flu is usually suspected. If sneezing and runny nose are prominent, then a patch test can be done to determine allergic rhinitis. If the high grade fever continues for more than 3 days, and the cough is accompanied by chest tightness or shortness of breath, a visit to the doctor is recommended. The doctor might do a swab test of the throat or collect secretion samples to check for bacterial infections and do a chest X-Ray to determine pneumonia.

Management of Symptoms:

Depending on severity of disease and age of the person, symptomatic treatment is recommended. Many over the counter medicines contain a combination of cough suppressant (dextromethorphan), an expectorant that thins the mucous, an antihistamine (anti allergy) for sneezing and runny nose, a decongestant and a pain and fever reliever but it’s better to take medicine for symptoms that are present. The combination of medicines may give optimal relief if you have multiple cold symptoms but the downside is that you may be taking medication that you don’t need.

Drinking lots of fluids and using salt water gargles (made by combining a cup of warm water and a teaspoon of salt) can often be helpful for easing the pain of sore throat. Over-the-counter pain relievers and medicated lozenges and gargles can also temporarily soothe a sore throat.

Antibiotics may be helpful only if there is a bacterial infection. Antiviral medications are available to treat flu. Due to continuous mutation in the influenza virus, producing new strains every few years, it’s difficult to develop a permanent treatment and prevention plan for controlling the diseases. Even if you develop antibodies against a flu virus one year, those antibodies are unlikely to protect you against a new strain of the flu virus the next year. That is why vaccination against the flu virus is recommended every year for everyone over the age of 6 weeks.

You can find out more about treatment options and prevention methods of Flu as recommended by Center of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for the year 2014-15 here.

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Got Pain? – Manage Pain Without Drugs

Dr. John Falkenberg Medical Blog

back pain

Are you one of those people that pain is just “part of life” as you start growing older? Is your chronic pain causing other symptoms to develop such as depression or insomnia?

Pain is not part of being normal or growing older and there are things you can do to alleviate pain. It is important to work with your doctor to develop a pain management plan and it should include a variety of approaches, not just medications.

A few things to consider are education, exercise, and alternative and complementary treatments.

The most common types of pain that we hear complaints about are low back pain, headache, neck pain, arthritis pain, and pain from nerve damage.

One of the best things you can do to alleviate your pain is exercise. Exercise is one of your most effective tools and can be the least expensive-free. Exercise releases endorphins (the feel…

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First Day of Personal Training!

This ! We all need to follow!!

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Yoga Poses to Help You Stay Slim

Your Health Beauty

Yoga Poses to Help You Stay Slim Yoga Poses to Help You Stay Slim

Yoga is a known stress buster, but it’s also one of the most effective workouts for fighting stubborn fat stores, especially those that crop up after age 40. Yes, you are able to use yoga for weight loss. Practicing yoga on a daily basis has certainly helped many people in lessening and gaining weight. People often blame their genes to be overweight or underweight. But that is not the case every time. It’s not necessarily genes which are responsible for weight gain.

Our lifestyle and eating habits also play a negative role in weight gain. There is lots more you can do to reduce weight naturally. Power yoga is really a healthy & effective weight loss option. Yoga for weight loss is a very sort after choice these days! There are numerous yoga poses for weight loss.

Locust Pose

Locust pose strengthens…

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De-stress…the key to losing weight!

As I wrote my second ‘obesity’ related article for my e-club’s blog (my second blog), I realized exercise is advised in both cases not as a remedy to lose weight, but as a prevention tactic for gaining weight. As we eat, insulin is released which helps in utilizing nutrients and storing them as fats. Exercising muscle doesn’t require insulin to use up glucose, hence the weight gaining effect of Insulin is reduced.

Similarly, physical activity tends to lower our physical and mental stress levels. Hence release of cortisol is decreased, which again plays a role in weight gain. How Insulin and cortisol cause weight gain…you can read my blogs on ” Diabesity, the link between diabetes and obesity ” and ” Stress and obesity ” at http://www.cvckiwanis.bravejournal.com

Thanks for stopping by…

ps: you can also find the complete post on diabesity on this blog, however to read about the Fight, Flight and Defeat mechanism of our body during stress and how it causes weight gain, you have to check out http://www.cvckiwanis.bravejournal.com

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Kiwanis. Club of Karachi-for Down Syndrome people

Kiwanis Club of Karachi is functioning as a sole entity in Karachi, Pakistan in providing FREE early intervention services for Down Syndrome kids and counselling to their parents for the last 8 years. Till date they have worked with 275 down syndrome children and innumerable special children.

These kids have a potential of functioning independently and get involved in mainstream schooling with remedial teachers. Our kids are going to mainstream schools around Karachi and also learning vocations actively that will help them secure a comfortable future.

The other is program we have is training for teachers in the area of Physiotherapy, speech and Occupational therapy to further strengthen the Al Dua center of special children.

if you would like to provide any kind of financial assistance to them, please contact me at taimee_82@yahoo.com

Thank you!

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My Weight Loss Journey, I did it before, I can do it again!

At 32, with two young kids, today I weigh 156 lbs with a height of 5.4 inches. My BMI is 26.8, not very bad considering the range of being overweight is 25-29…but still I feel the need to lose that extra weight and get back to my pre-marital status which was 128 lbs. Seems hard, but not impossible.

The need is basically because my joints have started aching to the point that even at night, when I go to sleep, I can still feel the pain in my wrist and fingers and have to be very careful as to how I position my hand when I sleep. There is a history of arthritis in the family, but still, feeling exhausted all the time and an aching body is not what I want at this point in my life. So I figured, losing some of that extra weight might help.

i have done it before, my weight had reached 147 lbs before I got married and in one month, I brought it down to 128 lbs. But that was different, I did some crash dieting and exercised vigorously, which I don’t know if I can do right now. I can give it a try though.

So, I am aiming to lose 26 lbs at least in 2 months, to be able to maintain it further. I hope I can do it. Let’s see….

My first day starts off with a light breakfast of carrot juice and some cereal and a warm up exercise routine of ten minutes. That’s all my body can take for now. Am planning to repeat the routine every 6 hours, fill myself with water or green tea when I feel hungry and have a hearty dinner in the evening around 6 with my family. The plan sounds good. I hope I can stick to it. Let’s keep the fingers crossed and hope for the better. Ciao!

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Diabesity…you think you don’t have it? Think again!!

DIABESITY, THE link between OBESITY and DIABETES!

Obesity in children has risen dynamically over the last couple of decades associated with increased risk of Diabetes. Hence the term ‘Diabesity’. It may be misleading that only obese people suffer from diabetes, which is not true. Thin people suffer from diabetes too but their metabolism behaves as if they are obese. These are the “skinny fat” people. They are “under lean” (not enough muscle) and often carry a little extra weight around the middle

To understand what is happening inside the body, let’s understand the basics.

UNDERSTANDING DIABETES

Our body produces two kinds of hormones: Anabolic (building up…eg Insulin) and Catabolic (breaking down…eg Glucagon) hormones. Insulin and Glucagon are both produced by the pancreas and they work in harmony to maintain metabolic balance inside the body.

Insulin is produced after a carbohydrate or protein meal. It promotes glucose uptake and storage, protein synthesis (increasing lean body mass) and triglyceride uptake by fat cells meaning it increases overall body stores of carbohydrates, proteins and fats.

Juvenile onset, Insulin Dependent, Type I Diabetes is usually due to deficient or decreased production of Insulin caused by autoantibodies produced against cells of pancreas. Age of onset is less than 30 years and body build is usually thin. This is because the anabolic (body building) effects of insulin are absent,decreasing the body stores of fat and the catabolic effects of glucagon have overpowered, increasing the blood levels of sugar and fats.

Maturity onset, Non-Insulin Dependent, Type II Diabetes is due to Insulin resistance caused by chronic elevated levels of Insulin in blood leading to down regulation of the glucose transporters and insulin receptors in the target tissues. It is almost entirely induced by environmental and lifestyle factors. Age of onset is more than 40 years and body build is obese.

When the diet is full of empty calories and an abundance of quickly absorbed sugars, liquid calories (sodas, juices, sports drinks or vitamin waters), and refined or starchy carbohydrates (bread, pasta, rice and potatoes), the cells slowly become numb to the effects of insulin, and need more of it to balance the blood-sugar levels. This problem is known as insulin resistance.

A high insulin level is the first sign of trouble. The higher the insulin levels are, the worse the insulin resistance. Hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar, is often an early symptom of insulin resistance.

UNDERSTANDING OBESITY

Official definition of Obesity is when our body mass index (BMI) is greater than 30. BMI is ratio between our height (in feet) and weight (in lbs). BMI less than 18.5 is considered underweight and greater than 25 is considered over weight.

Obesity is the cause of and result of Diabetes Type II leading to a viscous cycle. The more we eat, the more insulin is produced, more fat storage, more weight gain, increased insulin in blood, more fat storage, more weight gain…..and so on.

Weight reduction of as little at 4-7% has enormous effect on peripheral insulin sensitivity. Exercising muscle does not need insulin for glucose to enter. 25%of patients can be kept off medications with diet and exercise alone. The effects of weight loss can last for many years.

UNDERSTANDING DIABESITY

A new word, “diabesity,” describes the continuum of metabolic imbalances and diseases that range all the way from mild blood-sugar imbalance to insulin resistance to full-blown diabetes. So if you have diabetes, you have diabesity. But if you are borderline pre-diabetic, or even have symptoms, you could be suffering from diabesity.

Nearly all people who are overweight (almost 70% of Americans) already have pre-diabetes, which is an earlier stage of diabesity that carries with it significant risks of most chronic diseases in the 21st century. There is an increased risk of heart disease, stroke, dementia, cancer, high blood pressure, blindness and kidney failure.

Unfortunately, most people who are suffering from diabesity have no idea that it is a deadly condition or that it is 100% reversible. There are no national screening recommendations, treatment guidelines, approved medications, and no reimbursement to healthcare providers for diagnosing and treating anything other than full-blown diabetes.

RISK FACTORS

1. All age groups, male and female can be affected by this disease.

2. Family history; if parents, grandparents, siblings or first cousins have diabetes, yearly screening is recommended. There is a very strong genetic predisposition to diabesity.

3. Weight; thin people with strong family history or those losing weight out of proportion are at risk for Type I Diabetes. Overweight (BMI more than 25) are at risk for insulin resistance, hence Type II Diabetes. Waist circumference greater than 35 inches for women or greater than 40 inches for men is a worrying sign.

4. Gestational Diabetes; a pregnant woman not able to maintain fasting or post-challenge glucose levels in the blood. It is due to diabetogenic effects of human placental lactogen (hPL), placental insulinase, cortisol and progesterone. 35% of women with gestational diabetes will develop overt diabetes within 5-10 years of delivery.

5. All underlying diseases and hormonal causes leading to obesity are risk factors for diabesity.

6. High blood pressure, high cholestrol, heart disease, sedentary life style are also associated with diabesity.

DIAGNOSING DIABESITY

Symptoms to look out for are:

1. Excessive urination
2. Excessive hunger and thirst
3. Sugar cravings and fatigue after meals
4. Difficulty losing weight
5. Abnormal weight loss especially in children (type I diabetes)
6. Visual disturbances
7. Numbness and tingling in hands and feet
8. Sexual dysfunction, infertility
9. More prone to infections
10. Very dry skin

Abnormal Blood Tests:

1. RBS/ RBG ( random blood sugar/glucose levels within 2-4 hours of eating)
160 mg/dl or more prediabetic
200 mg/dl diagnostic for diabetes

2. FBS/ FBG ( fasting blood sugar/glucose after 6 hours of eating)
100-125 mg/dl is prediabetic
126 mg/dl or more is diagnostic of diabetes

3. HbA1c (demonstrates control of blood sugar in preceding 6-8 weeks)
5.6%-6.4% is prediabetic
6.5% or more is diagnostic of diabetes

4. Fasting Lipid Profile
Triglyceride more than 100 mg/dl
HDL (good cholestrol) less than 40 mg/dl
Total cholestrol more than 200 mg/dl
Triglyceride/HDL ratio greater than 5
Total cholesterol/HDL ratio greater than 6

5. Glucose in urine (normally not found)

Summary: If there is a family history, belly fat, BMI more than 25 (overweight), high blood pressure, high cholestrol, frequent urination, excessive hunger and thirst, even one abnormal blood test or urinary glucose found during routine screening…you are suffering from diabesity.

(Normal values are mentioned at the end).

SEVERE “FIRST EVENT” FINDINGS TO LOOK OUT FOR
(leading to coma/ death)

Ironically, medical practitioners do not pay attention to mild symptoms or prediabetic blood work findings until patient has full blown diabetes. Asymptomatic individuals may end up discovering they have full blown diabetes with these life threatening conditions.

1. Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA), blood glucose more than 350 md/dl

It is a serious condition that can lead to diabetic coma or even death. When the cells don’t get the glucose they need for energy, body begins to burn fat for energy, which produces ketones. Ketones are acids that build up in the blood and appear in the urine when the body doesn’t have enough insulin. High levels of ketones can poison the body.

Warning Signs of DKA:

DKA usually develops slowly. But when vomiting occurs, this life-threatening condition can develop in a few hours. Symptoms include:

Thirst or a very dry mouth
Frequent urination
High levels of ketones in the urine
Constantly feeling tired
Dry or flushed skin
Nausea, vomiting, or abdominal pain
Difficulty breathing
Fruity odor on breath
A hard time paying attention, or confusion

2. Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic State, blood glucose more than 600mg/dl

In contrast to DKA, serum glucose levels in HHS are extremely high, but a metabolic acidosis is absent or mild. Altered mental status is also more common in HHS than DKA. DKA has been associated with Type I Diabetes, whereas HHS has been associated with both.

Symptoms include:

Increased thirst
Altered mental status
Neurologic signs such as sensory or motor impairments, seizures or motor abnormalities like flaccidity, depressed reflexes, tremors
Hyperviscosity and increased risk of thrombosis
Coma leading to death

3. Hypoglycemia, blood glucose less than 70mg/dl

It is usually first sign of insulin resistance, produced by too much insulin in the blood stream.

Symptoms include:

Double vision or blurry vision
Fast or pounding heartbeat
Feeling cranky or acting aggressive
Feeling nervous
Headache
Hunger
Shaking or trembling
Sweating
Tingling or numbness of the skin
Tiredness or weakness
Trouble sleeping
Unclear thinking
Fainting
Seizures
Coma

MANAGING DIABESITY

Diabesity IS preventable, curable and reversible unlike what we originally knew. You are NOT destined to suffer progressive decline. The only cure is :
Life Style Change !

1. Healthy Diet:
Our nutrient-poor, calorie-rich, low-fiber, high-sugar diet has led to overfed but undernourished people. There is an epidemic of nutritional deficiencies that promote the development of diabetes, including vitamin D, magnesium, zinc and antioxidant deficiencies. Controlling portion sizes, including fruits, vegetables, legumes, monounsaturated fat, such as olive oil and raw nuts, fish, poultry, meat substitutes, low fat dairy products and fresh home cooked food can be the most potent medicine you can use to prevent, treat and reverse diabesity.

2. Controlling underlying health issues:
Most of the weight gain and metabolic imbalances are because of hormonal imbalances. Be it sex hormones, stress hormones or thyroid etc. Many of the underlying issues can be diagnosed and treated preventing obesity and diabesity. Controlling blood pressure and blood cholestrol levels are key to preventing diabesity.

3. Exercise:
The importance of physical exercise has always been highlighted with people finding no time for it. Walking 30 mins a day is enough. Resting muscle needs insulin for glucose entry but an exercising muscle does not. 25% patients were kept off medications just with diet and exercise. The purpose is not just to lose weight but also to regulate the digestive system as well as lowering stress.

4. Lower your stress:
Stress makes you fat and contributes to the development of diabesity. Chronic stress increases our levels of insulin, cortisol and inflammatory compounds. This drives the relentless metabolic dysfunction that leads to weight gain, insulin resistance, and diabetes. Hence, managing stress whether through relaxation therapies, meditation, yoga, massage, exercise, laughing or anything else is a critical component of obesity and diabetes treatment.

CONCLUSION

Since diabesity is not considered a real disease until you are diagnosed with full blown diabetes, (usually)with or without complications, it is recommended that early testing for anyone who has a family history of diabetes, increased waist size, or abnormal cholesterol be done. A recent study showed that anyone with a fasting blood sugar of over 87mg/dl was at increased risk of diabetes. Yet most doctors are not concerned until the blood sugar is over 110 mg/dl or worse,126 mg/dl, the level that technically signals diabetes.

Normal values of blood tests:

1. RBS:
Less than 140 mg/dL age less than 50
less than 150 mg/dL ages 50–60;
less than 160 mg/dL age 60 and above

2. FBS:
Less than or equal to 100mg/dl

3. HbA1c less than 5.5% is normal

4. Lipid panel :
Total cholesterol (ideal < 180 mg/dl),
LDL (ideal < 70 mg/dl),
HDL cholesterol (ideal > 60 mg/dl),
Triglycerides (ideal < 100 mg/dl).

 

 

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